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منتقدو القانون يقولون إنه يهدف إلى خلق ديكتاتورية جديدة (photo: )

منتقدو القانون يقولون إنه يهدف إلى خلق ديكتاتورية جديدة

أثار القانون رقم (5) لسنة 2014، الذي أصدره المؤتمر الوطني، الأربعاء الماضي، بعض ردود الفعل الغاضبة بين صفوف الحقوقيين وأساتذة القانون.

إذ اعتبرت عضو لجنة حقوق الإنسان بالمؤتمر الوطني العام، أسماء سرّيبة، أن القانون أُقرّ على الرغم من اعتراض لجنة حقوق الإنسان عليه، واصفة صياغته بـ”الفضفاضة” و”غير الواضحة”، التي قد تستخدم لتقييد حرية الآخرين.
وانتقدت أستاذة القانون الدولي وحقوق الإنسان هناء القلال القانون باعتباره مخالفًا للإعلان الدستوري، كما أكدت أنه يهدف إلى خلق ديكتاتورية جديدة، ويعد انتهاكًا صارخًا لحرية التعبير.

وأضافت في تصريحات لـ”بوابة الوسط” أن تصرفات أعضاء المؤتمر “غير لائقة”، و”خيانتهم للأمانة” هي السبب المباشر في تعرضهم للنقد اللاذع من قبل الجميع.

من جانبه، دافع عضو المؤتمر الوطني محمد الكيلاني عن القانون قائلاً: “إن القانون لا يمثل أي انتهاك للحقوق أو الحريات، وإنه جاء لحماية ثورة فبراير، التي تفتقر لقوانين تردع المعتدين عليها لفظيًا وتحمي أعضاء المؤتمر من الإهانات التي يتعرضون لها يوميًا في الشارع الليبي”.

ويأتي هذا القانون بعد إقرار المؤتمر لقوانين وصفتها مؤسسات دولية وحقوقية بالمتشددة، والمنتهكة لحقوق الإنسان، وآخرها القانون القاضي بإيقاف بث المحطات الإذاعية التي تهدد ثورة فبراير.

وينص القانون على سجن كل من صدر عنه ما يشكل مساسًا بثورة 17 فبراير، أو يقدم على إهانة أحد أعضاء السلطات التشريعية والتنفيذية والقضائية.

alwasat.ly

Opposition mounts after Congress makes insulting it a crime

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By Ahmed Elumami and Taziz Hasairi
Tripoli, 11 February 2014

Anger is rising on social media sites and among political activists at the amendment to the Penal Law passed a week ago by the General National Congress (GNC) imposing a one-year jail term for anyone seen to insult Congress, the government, the judicial institutions or any of their members. Insulting the flag and the state logo is also to be a crime.

The Penal Law already made it an offence to deliberately publish false news that was hostile to the 17 February Revolution.

“I resolutely oppose this amendment and there should be a discussion between the civil and political powers to discuss what was passed,” leading political activist Farida Allaghi said. “Congress did not bother to talk with civil society organisations about this decision beforehand”.

Allaghi called upon the Supreme Council for Liberties to quickly condemn the amendment. The right to free expression freely had to be protected and the needed to be a popular movement to such attacks on it.

However, independent Congressman for Zawiya Said Jarjar told this paper that the law was to protect rights and was not intended to target individuals. He insisted, as a member of the Judicial Authorities and Justice Committee of Congress, that the law permitted people to criticise and state an opinion in a proper way so long as they did not lie in order to cause chaos.

Those who spread false and incorrect news should be jailed by the courts to protect the stability of the state, Jarjar said. Everyone had to stick to the truth, he stressed.

The amendment does not appear to fit with the GNC’s  statement issued on Sundayon the demonstrations against it continuing in office.

Expressing satisfaction that they were peaceful and stating that that a committee is being set up to draw up an amendment to 2011 Constitutional Declaration to allow a presidential and fresh congressional elections if the constitution-drafting committee is not on track to finish its work by mid May, it also noted that the declaration guaranteed freedom of speech and the right to demonstrate. It said that it supported them.

Other points in Sunday’s statement included that the Constitutional Committee would be fully independent of Congress and that the Presidency of the General Staff take should steps against any military group violating military regulations.

Amendment to penal code “in conflict” with freedom of expression – LFJL

Tripoli, 13 February 2014:

Lawyers for Justice in Libya (LFJL) has denounced a Penal Code amendment that criminalised insulting the General National Congress (GNC), the government or judicial institutions.

Law No. 5 of 2014 also criminalised any action which could harm or prejudice the 17 February Revolution and made insulting the Libyan flag or the state logo a crime.

“This law is in direct conflict with freedom of expression provisions guaranteed by the Libyan Interim Constitutional Declaration and international human rights conventions to which Libya is a party,” LFJL said.

It expressed concern that such arbitrary restrictions to freedom of expression would have a detrimental effect on government accountability and result in the further curtailment of Libyan rights.

“The right to freedom of expression promotes the application of other human rights and helps improve government accountability,” said LFJL director Elham Saudi. “The right becomes worthless if it only protects certain forms of political expression deemed acceptable.”

She added that the criminalisation of critical expression was an extremely radical measure that was completely out of step with democratic values and Libya’s international law obligations.

Freedom of expression was an essential principle for the creation of a democratic society and to ensure the promotion and protection of other human rights, LFJL said.

“It is saddening that the GNC has failed to recognise this fundamental democratic right,” Saudi said. “We strongly urge them to reconsider these amendments.”

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